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A quick and complete guide to Mocha testing
DigitalOcean Meetups Find and meet other developers in your city. Become an author. Testing is an integral part of software development. With the right test setup, this process can even be automated, saving a lot of time. This gives the developer confidence in their code base, especially when it gets deployed to production so users can interact with it.
To compare values in a test, we can use the Node. You will set up and use the Mocha test framework to structure your tests. In this sense, you will be using Mocha as a plan builder, and assert to implement the plan. This module will manage a list of TODO items. Using this module, we will be able to list all the TODOs that we are keeping track of, add new items, and mark some as complete. First, we need to set up the coding environment. Create a folder with the name of your project in your terminal.
This tutorial will use the name todos :. We only have one dependency, Mocha, which we will use to organize and run our tests. To download and install Mocha, use the following:. If you would like to learn more about Node. Open index. This class contains all the functions that we need to manage our TODO list. Add the following lines of code to index.
We begin the file by creating a Todos class. The modules line allows other Node. Without explicitly exporting the class, the test file that we will create later would not be able to use it. Write in the following highlighted lines:.
We make a copy of the array so that changes the user makes to the array returned by list does not affect the array used by the Todos object.Posted by: admin December 3, Leave a comment.
Using Mocha, I am attempting to test whether a constructor throws an error. For example:. Using the should. Alternative you can use the should throwError.
If you are using should. This way, you know the error is caught if the test finishes. Otherwise, you will get a timeout error. Mocha in default is using Assert from node. Assert has a method — assert. Function code:. Ok, so in order to test it, you need additional function to cover input. Because assert. Can you see the difference? Instead of passing function directly, I have put the function call inside anonymous function, in purpose of calling it with a prepared input.
What about the second parameter. It depends from what kind of error should be thrown, in above example Error object was thrown, so I had to put there Error.
In result of this action, assert. If instead of Error something different will be thrown, then this part needs to be changed. For example instead of Error I will throw a value of type String. Instead of Error in second parameter I have used the comparison function in order to compare thrown error with the expectation.
January 30, Nodejs Leave a comment. Questions: I am trying to connect to an Oracle database from Node. Is this possible? I have not found a plugin for Node. Are there any recommended wor Now, when a u Your email address will not be published.
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Add menu. Test for expected failure in Mocha Posted by: admin December 3, Leave a comment. For example: expect Constructor. Chai now has should. Connecting to Oracle database with Node. V8-like Hashtable for C? Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.Behaviour driven test frameworks like mocha and jasmine have certain unalienable advantages.
They provide a clean way to organize tests as well as safe and in this particular case, isolated assertions to prevent runtime error of the testing spec itself. For obvious reasons, having the same test specification style in Postman sounds just about right. After all, one may argue that they are testing the behavior of the response!
How to test React with Mocha, Chai & Enzyme
And not to mention the endless benefits of well organized tests, seamless creation and teardown of fixtures, yada yada yada!
I would personally love to write tests within Postman that look like the following. Thus began my transit-time project to create a tiny really tiny test framework that I could include in my Postman Collections and write tests using it.
I personally started using it and thought sharing it might help us BDD aficionados. The framework ended up being a gist that is about 0. I named the script describe-it such creativity! The following piece of minified code is the complete test framework that provides behavior driven testing functionalities albeit basic similar to mocha and jasmine.
We might need more of these and especially ones that are related to API testing. Would love to hear more in comments. Saving the script as a global variable allows me to re-use the test framework script in multiple requests without having to manually add them. One can simply go and add the contents of the script to a global variable or an environment variable with name, say, describe-it-test-script.
The documentation article Our Manage Environments documentation outlines how to set and use these variables. Personally, I save the test script as part of the first request to ensure that the test script is bundled with Postman Collections while running them in Collection Runner or Newman.
The following collection fetches the test framework from the gist so that I can keep it updated with latest content and saves it in global variables. Sample Collection that uses this test framework: www. Once you have the script stored in a variable, it is easy to use it in any test by running eval on the script.
The first line of your test would look somewhat like the following:. But that is a separate discussion altogether. But that would make the tests look a bit ugly. Post this, you can start using the describeitexpect and other functions of the test framework normally. Say, you have already saved the framework in a global variable, and you would like to run a test that ensures that a request responds with a status code and serves HTML content type.
The tests for the same would look like:. We can write as many tests as we want and nest as many describe blocks as we need. If there are runtime errors in one it block, the other tests would still continue to execute sequentially.
The collection shared in this post named describe-it, has examples of tests written using this micro framework. It has tests written with failing and passing scenarios. And upon running the collection in Postman Collection Runner, it outputs the test results grouped within their respective describe blocks.
The it function executes the test parameter function within a try-catch block. In the event that an expect assertion fails or some other error occurs, the tests object key is set to a falsey value. Hello Shamasis, thanks for that! This is a great addition to testing in Postman. Would be great to see it comes with standard Postman. Another idea is to have it as an extension or plugin. I would like to know more about why this way of testing is so useful to you.
The test is passing. If You want to check if that method fails at all and You expect this, go that way it requires chai-as-promised package :. Learn more. Fail mocha test in catch block of rejected promise Ask Question.
Asked 1 year, 7 months ago. Active 1 year, 7 months ago. Viewed 1k times. I's run using. I am not sure if I get Your idea correctly?
You would like to assert if err is defined in that particular case or would like to fail test at all in case of err? Active Oldest Votes. KarlR KarlR 1, 5 5 silver badges 23 23 bronze badges.Unit Testing Successful Promises
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Feedback on Q2 Community Roadmap.Before setting up the test setup with different testing libraries and writing the React component tests, you will need a simple React application which can be tested in the first place. You will introduce a simple App component which can be tested in the following sections. If it's too difficult for you to follow the next parts of the React application, you should grab a copy of The Road to learn React to learn about React itself before testing a React application.
Here you can import the App component which is not implemented yet and render it. It's a Counter component where it should be possible to increment and decrement a digit by clicking on either of two buttons. So far, hopefully everything should be clear on how this component works. But that's not it for the use case application. Let's add a couple of more things for the sake of testing different parts of it in isolation later on.
Since the this. That way, it can access the state when this. That's only one benefit of using the function over the object in this. In addition, it's also possible to extract it as standalone function which can be tested in isolation from the component later on.
In order to import these functions in the tests later onthey need to be exported from the file. These functions which are used to update the local state of the React component can tested in isolation from the component now.
That's what you would call a real unit test later on. The function is tested with an input and the test asserts an expected output. There are no side effects, because the function is pure.
In addition for our React application, let's introduce a second component to have a relationship between two components as parent and child components. That's another scenario which can be tested as integration test later on.
If you would test each component in isolation, you would have unit tests. But by testing them together in their context, you have an integration test between both components. As you can see, the component gets exported as well.
Mocha tests run serially, allowing for flexible and accurate reporting, while mapping uncaught exceptions to the correct test cases. Hosted on GitHub.
Find Mocha helpful? Become a backer and support Mocha with a monthly donation. Use Mocha at Work? Ask your manager or marketing team if they'd help support our project. Your company's logo will also be displayed on npmjs. A brief outline on the order Mocha's components are executed. Worth noting that all hooks, describe and it callbacks are run in the order they are defined i. If you use callback-based async tests, Mocha will throw an error if done is called multiple times.
This is handy for catching accidental double callbacks. Mocha allows you to use any assertion library you wish. In the above example, we're using Node. This means you can use libraries such as:. Testing asynchronous code with Mocha could not be simpler! Simply invoke the callback when your test is complete. By adding a callback usually named done to itMocha will know that it should wait for this function to be called to complete the test. This callback accepts both an Error instance or subclass thereof or a falsy value; anything else is invalid usage and throws an error usually causing a failed test.
Alternatively, just use the done callback directly which will handle an error argument, if it exists :. Alternately, instead of using the done callback, you may return a Promise. This is useful if the APIs you are testing return promises instead of taking callbacks:. The latter example uses Chai as Promised for fluent promise assertions. In Mocha v3. The above test will fail with Error: Resolution method is overspecified. In versions older than v3.
When testing synchronous code, omit the callback and Mocha will automatically continue on to the next test. Passing arrow functions aka "lambdas" to Mocha is discouraged. Lambdas lexically bind this and cannot access the Mocha context. For example, the following code will fail:.August 9, 18 min read Building software that is predictable, less error-prone and resilient to changes is something every software developer should learn to do.
Before you continue, you need to have Mocha installed either globally on your local machine or as a dependency for your project. Installing Mocha globally on your local machine makes the mocha CLI binary available for use in your command-line terminal.
Hence you can run tests with Mocha on your terminal as follows:. To complete your Mocha setup, you will have to write a unit test for a very simple functionality and configure a script to run the test using Mocha.
Mocha automatically looks for tests inside the test directory of your project. Hence, you should go ahead and create this directory in your project root. Here is what it should look like:.
The next step will be to start writing tests for the desired functionalities of your software. Writing tests often requires using an assertion library. Mocha does not discriminate whatever assertion library you choose to use. If you are using Mocha in a Node. However, there are more extensive assertion libraries you can make use of such as ChaiExpect.
For all the tests in this guide, Chai will be used as the assertion library of choice. Go ahead and install Chai as a dependency for your project as follows:. You can learn more about the assertions and assertion styles Chai provides from this documentation. For this guide, the BDD style-interface will be used for defining and writing the tests. However, you can check the comparison between the available Mocha style-interfaces in this documentation.
Here is the software requirement to be implemented.
A sum function that has the following behavior:.